Main data bulletin of the third National land survey of Henan Province
Henan Provincial Department of Natural Resources Henan Provincial Bureau of Statistics (January 30, 2022) According to the unified deployment of The State Council, in December 2018, Henan province carried out the third National Land Survey (hereinafter referred to as the “three Surveys”), with December 31, 2019 as the standard point of summary data.”Three full” made by the superior to 1 m resolution satellite remote sensing image survey, reproduction widely used new technology such as mobile Internet, cloud computing, unmanned aerial vehicle (uav), the innovative use of “Internet + survey” mechanism, the whole process strictly implement quality control, after 3 years, successively participated in almost all investigators, collected 13.08 million survey map spot data,Checked out the whole province land utilization condition comprehensively.With the consent of the provincial government, the data of the main land types in the province are published as follows: 1. Cultivated land The cultivated land is 7,514,100 hectares (11,711 million mu).Among them, 682,000 hectares (10.229,100 mu) of paddy fields, accounting for 9.08%;Irrigated land was 4.591,300 hectares (68.8701 mu), accounting for 61.10% of the total;Dry land is 2.2408 million hectares (33.6117 million mu), accounting for 29.82%.Nanyang city, Zhumadian City, Zhoukou City, Xinyang City, Shangqiu city and other five provincial cities have a large area of cultivated land, accounting for 56% of the province’s cultivated land.The arable land with slope below 2 degrees (including 2 degrees) is 6.3244 million hectares (94.8663 million mu), accounting for 84.17% of the province’s arable land.652,700 hectares (9.711 million mu) of cultivated land located at 2-6 degree slope (including 6 degree), accounting for 8.69%;The cultivated land at the slope of 6 ~ 15 degrees (including 15 degrees) is 441,000 hectares (6.615 million mu), 5.87%;86,900 hectares (1,303,300 mu) of cultivated land located at 15-25 degree slope (including 25 degree), accounting for 1.16%;The arable land with slopes above 25 degrees is 900,000 ha (134,700 mu), accounting for 0.12%.The garden area is 427,800 hectares (6.416,800 mu).Among them, 325,900 hectares (4.888,900 mu) of orchards, accounting for 76.19%;Tea plantation 35,700 hectares (534,800 mu), accounting for 8.33%;Other gardens 66,200 hectares (993,200 mu), accounting for 15.48%.Woodland woodland 4.3963 million hectares (65.9447 million mu).Among them, tree forest land 2.8564 million hectares (42.8467 million mu), accounting for 64.98%;0.93 million hectares (139,500 mu) of bamboo forest, accounting for 0.21%;Shrub land 660,100 hectares (9,901,200 mu), accounting for 15.01%;Other woodland 870,500 hectares (13,057,400 mu), accounting for 19.80%.Nanyang city, Luoyang City, Sanmenxia city, Xinyang city and other four provincial cities have a large area of forestland, accounting for 67% of the province’s forestland.Grassland 257,000 hectares (3.8549 million mu).Among them, other grassland 25700 hectares (3.8545 million mu), accounting for 99.99%;The rest is natural grassland and artificial grassland.Grassland is mainly distributed in sanmenxia city, Luoyang City, Nanyang City, Pingdingshan City, Anyang city, five provincial cities, accounting for 73% of the province’s grassland.V. Wetlands 39,100 hectares (587,100 mu) of wetlands.Wetland is the newly added first-level land category of the “Three-level adjustment”, including 7 second-level land categories (5 in our province).Among them, forest and marsh accounted for 0.39% and 0.02 million hectares (0.23 million mu).Shrub marsh 0.54 ha (8.1 mu);150,000ha (230,000 mu) of marsh grassland, accounting for 3.92%;Inland tidal flat is 37,200 hectares (557,800 mu), accounting for 95.00%;Marsh area 0.03 million hectares (0.400 mu), accounting for 0.68%.Wetlands are mainly distributed in nanyang city, Xinyang City, Luoyang City, Pingdingshan City, Zhumadian City, Xinxiang City, Zhengzhou city and other 7 provincial cities, accounting for 82% of the province’s wetlands.Urban villages, Industrial and Mining Land Urban villages, industrial and mining land 2.4495 million hectares (36.7419 million mu).Among them, 263,100 hectares (3,946,300 mu) of urban land, accounting for 10.74%;The land of administrative towns is 328,600 hectares (4.928,500 mu), accounting for 13.41%;The land used for villages reached 1.7654 million hectares (26.4813 million mu), accounting for 72.08% of the total.The mining land is 67,900 hectares (1,018,900 mu), accounting for 2.77%;Scenic spots and special land 24,500 hectares (367,000 mu), accounting for 1.00%.7. Land for Transportation The land for transportation is 381,700 hectares (5,725,600 mu).Among them, 23,300 hectares (349,600 mu) of land was used for railway, accounting for 6.11%;0.07 million hectares (10,400 mu) of land for rail transit, accounting for 0.18%;176,900 hectares (2.6533 million mu) of highway land, accounting for 46.34%;178,400 hectares (2.6758 million mu) of rural roads, accounting for 46.73%;Airport land of 0.200 hectares (29,900 mu), accounting for 0.52%;0.03 million hectares (0.38 million mu) of port land, accounting for 0.07%;The land used for pipeline transportation is 0.02 million hectares (0.27 million mu), accounting for 0.05%.Land for water areas and water conservancy Facilities: 857,700 hectares (12.7611 mu).Among them, the river surface area was 244,500 hectares (3.6681 million mu), accounting for 28.74%;The lake surface area is 0.2,300 hectares (3400 mu), accounting for 0.27%;The water surface of the reservoir is 169,100 hectares (2.5362 mu), accounting for 19.87%;Pit pond water surface 207,400 hectares (3,110,800 mu), accounting for 24.38%;185,000 hectares (2.7757 million mu) of ditches, accounting for 21.75%;The land used for hydraulic construction is 42,400 hectares (636,200 mu), accounting for 4.99%.Xinyang city, Nanyang City, Zhumadian city, Zhoukou city and other four provincial cities have large water area, accounting for 61% of the province’s water area.The “three-pronged survey” is a major survey of China’s national and provincial conditions, as well as a unified survey of natural resources conducted after institutional reform.The data results of “three adjustments” comprehensively and objectively reflect the situation of land use in our province, and also reflect the problems existing in the protection of cultivated land, ecological construction and economical and intensive land use, which must be improved by targeted measures.We will adhere to the strictest possible system for farmland protection, tighten the responsibilities of local party committees and governments at all levels for farmland protection, and exercise both party and government responsibilities.We must resolutely curb the conversion of cultivated land into non-agricultural land, strictly control the conversion of cultivated land into other agricultural land, and strictly control the conversion of cultivated land into other agricultural land.We will strictly investigate and punish all acts of illegally occupying or changing the use of farmland.We will standardize and improve the balance between the occupation and replacement of cultivated land.We will ensure that the targets set by the state for farmland conservation and permanent basic farmland protection are fulfilled.We should adhere to a systematic approach, strengthen top-level planning, adapt measures to local conditions, and coordinate ecological development.We will continue to economize and make intensive use of land, rationally determine the size of land to be used for new construction projects, and improve the efficiency of land development and utilization.We will continue to promote the development and utilization of existing construction land in urban and rural areas, and further improve and implement the policy system for redevelopment of inefficient urban land under the guidance of market participation by the government.We will strengthen standards for land use and evaluation of economical and intensive land use, and vigorously promote land-saving models.The results of the “three adjustments” are the basic basis for the province to formulate major economic and social development plans and important policies and measures.We need to strengthen the sharing and application of the results of the three-pronged national coordination, and make the results of the three-pronged national coordination serve as the unified base and basic map for territorial and spatial planning and all related special programs, so as to modernize China’s system and capacity for governance.