Famous Anti-Japanese War fengnan District of Tangshan

2022-06-23 0 By

Fengnan is located in the bohai Sea, the location is superior, is the central area of Tangshan city in Hebei Province.It is 193 kilometers away from Beijing in the west, 68 kilometers away from Tianjin Port, 70 kilometers away from Qinhuangdao Port in the east, Jingtang Port in the east, and 50 kilometers away from Caofeidian Port in the south.It covers an area of 1568 square kilometers and has a coastline of 23.5 kilometers.Fengnan was originally part of Fengrun and Luanxian counties, and was built in 1946. In 1994, it was allowed to be removed from the county and set up a city. In 2002, it was removed from the city and changed its name to Fengnan District of Tangshan.It belongs to the Yanshan subdivision of north China strata, the eastern part belongs to the margin of Luanhe alluvial fan, the western part belongs to the margin of Jiyunhe alluvial fan, and the southern coast belongs to the base of river impact and Marine sedimentation (commonly known as “regressive land”). The surface is covered by a thick layer of Quaternary Cenozoic sediments, and the base is Ordovician limestone.The territory between 1.5-25 meters above sea level, belonging to the warm temperate sub-humid continental monsoon type climate, four distinct seasons, rain and heat in the same season.There are “coal river” and “Jintang Canal” running through the whole area 30 kilometers and 27.8 kilometers respectively.There are rich coal, geothermal, natural gas, mineral water and other natural mineral resources, there are vast salt flats, endless reed grass and rich aquatic resources.Nanpu Salt farm, the largest salt farm in Asia, Qianjiaying Coal mine in Kailuan and Tangshan salt Plant, one of the three alkali plants in China, are all located in the territory.In July 1927, the Communist Han Xulou in song Jiying established the first county party branch, since then, the people of Fengnan in the communist organization under the leadership of the struggle against exploitation against oppression, 1929 to 1947, the county thousands of bristle workers for three huge strike struggle,Dealt a heavy blow to the reactionary spirit of the capitalists.In January 1933, Li Yifu, a member of the Communist Party of China, organized a federation of primary school teachers in Xuanzhuang and Huanggezhuang to strike schools, and organized tenants in Xiba Village of Xuanzhuang to fight against the rent of Li Lianxi, the “King of the Sea”.In July 1938, the anti-japanese uprising in eastern Hebei province, all parts of the county have responded, more than 2,000 people took up arms to fight against the Japanese imperialism.During the eight-year struggle against Japanese aggression and the three-year War of liberation, the people of Fengnan were indomitable and rose one after another. 1,243 outstanding sons and daughters sacrificed their precious lives for the cause of national independence and people’s liberation. Their famous names will be remembered forever in history.Among them, stem revolution often cross the door but not enter, for the people charge in front of the youth of Feng (embellish) jade (tian) ning (river) united county party secretary Wang Jiayi, is the typical representative of these heroes.During the war years, many battles took place here, among which the famous battles of Laowangzhuang and Tangou were annihilated.In July 1945, more than 200 organs and guidance teams of the 13th Military Sub-division in eastern Hebei were transferred from Xuegezhuang to Lao Wangzhuang for short-term training.At 9:00 a.m. on July 21, The Japanese regiment deputy Shaozuo Yamada led the puppet Manchukuo cavalry “Iron blood” troops and machine gun company to suddenly move towards Lao Wangzhuang.In the battle, commander Li Xuerui, Deputy Political Commissar Zeng Hui, chief of Staff Liu Shouren and other troops came to command in person and won a fierce battle for nearly five hours, killing More than 170 enemy soldiers including Shaozuo Yamada, killing 150 horses and capturing 26 people alive.Captured 2 heavy machine guns, 1 mortar, 9 light machine guns, 8 grenade launchers, 25 pistols, 90 horses 38 guns, 1 mortar.On September 9, 1947, the 2nd Battalion of the Guard Regiment (48th Regiment) under the 13th Military Sub-Division of Eastern Hebei province, after being integrated with The Baotian Battalion of Fengnan County, trained in the area of Bahu Village.Suddenly received information, the Kuomintang 92nd army 1666 regiment two battalion 500 people surrounded the beach ditch, in an attempt to grab ding grab grain in this area.The 48th Guard was ordered to surround and annihilate the enemy.This war, the enemy wounded and wounded more than 90 people, captured more than 40 enemy, captured 2 American heavy machine guns, 4 light machine guns, 23 rifles, 3 submachine guns, 2 short guns, two boxes of grenades, horse rifle shells 4362 rounds, 20 carriages and the carrying materials.The memorial tomb and monument of the Revolutionary martyrs of dabuk Liuhe Battle (April 20, 1945), built in May 1987