What kind of plant is metaplexis?
2022-06-17 0 By
In botany, it is not only a family name (family), but also a genus name (genus), including several plant names, and the narrow sense of metaplexis refers to only one plant, namely euphorbia.Today I’m going to focus on metaplexis.The name and Classification status of metaplexis metaplexis, the formal middle name of metaplexis metaplexis, was identified in The Annals of Botany of China, and was derived from The Chinese Journal of Botany.Metaplexis japonica (Thunb.) Makino was formally named and published in 1903.Many aliases, in the “poem shuo” recorded as 芄兰;In “Compendium of Materia Medica” recorded for the chop zygote;In Hebei called white ring rattan, sheep grandmother milk;In North China, it is called sheep horn, day pulp shell, rattan grass, milk rattan, soil ancient rattan, pulp cans, milk rattan, etc.In Hunan called banfeng rattan;In Liaoning province, it is called laogua gourd.In the northeast called Gourd ladle, crane light floating;In Jiangsu called Yang Piao piao;In east China, it is called Tianjiang Fruit, Melaleuca beard, flying crane, whey vine, ladle for the old man, etc.In plant taxonomy, it is a perennial grassy vine belonging to the genus euphorbia in the family metaplexis.2, Distribution and growth environment of metaplexis japonica in China, mainly distributed in northeast China, North China, East China and Shaanxi, Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei provinces.Usually grows in forest edge wasteland, foothills, rivers, roadside thickets, climbing on other plants and objects.3, the appearance characteristics of the first is perennial grass lianas, as long as seven or eight meters, the plant body has milk;Stem cylindrical, lower lignified, upper pliable, light green surface.Leaf blade is simple, opposite, membranous, ovate-heart-shaped, 5-12 cm long, apex pointed, base heart-shaped, auricles round, two auricles open or joined, leaf surface green, back flour green, both surfaces glabrous, petiole 3-5 cm long.3. Racemous cymes axillary or axillary explants, pedicels pubescent, calyx lobes lanceolate, corolla near radial, white with light purplish red variegated, corolla lobes lanceolate, spreading, apex reflexed, inner face pilose, corolla ring, short 5-lobed, lobes pocket, july-August flowering;Follicles forked, fusiform, smooth surface glabrous, sometimes small pimple, green before maturity, fleshy, woody after maturity, seeds flat, oval, top with white silk seed hair, hair about 1 cm long, 9-December fruit mature.The main uses of metaplexis japonica: (1) the whole plant of metaplexis euphorbia, having the functions of warming, invigorating qi, relieving milk and detoxifying;Fruit can treat fatigue, weakness and other diseases;Roots can cure injuries, snake bites, malignant boils, etc.Stem and leaf can treat infantile malnutrition;Milk can cure some skin diseases;Carbohydrate, protein, steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids, flavones and C21 steroid glycosides are the main components of metaplexis japonica.The components and pharmacological effects of metaplexis are widely studied in modern medicine, so please follow the doctor’s advice when using metaplexis.Second, metaplexis is a kind of vine with strong plasticity, and it can be used as a vertical greening plant in courtyard, fence wall, flower gallery, etc.Thirdly, the young fruits of metaplexis were edible;Stem skin fiber can be used as artificial cotton and papermaking material.