Children learning state is not good how to carry out psychological counseling: try Socratic guided questioning technology

2022-05-30 0 By

Some children are not interested in learning, distracted in class, homework dawdle, the exam is not good, over time the teacher and parents will worry, what is wrong with the child?At this time, if asked about the child’s mood, will answer a variety of negative emotions, as a teacher and parents how to deal with?We give a technique from the perspective of psychological counseling to try to improve children’s learning motivation.This technique is the Socratic guided questioning technique, which aims at empathy, equality, caring and harmony.First, ask questions about children’s learning emotions and behaviors, and lead to automatic thinking.”How do you feel when your homework is slow and you don’t pay attention in class?””Bored, uncomfortable, bored, indifferent.””What goes through your mind when you’re bored or bored?”Under normal circumstances, children will have many answers. It is these thoughts that lead to emotional and behavioral reactions. We choose an unreasonable idea and conduct psychological counseling for it.For example, a child’s response to “I feel stupid” is an automatic thought, even a core belief, that we work with.You can ask questions like the following to try to lead to solve the confusion.1. Evidence questions, “What evidence do you have that you think you’re stupid?”Possible answers: math test only 90 points less than the full score of your classmates, always wrong homework, parents scold a fool, etc.At this time to encourage children to say as much evidence as possible, the more the better, do not worry, so that the effect will be better.Then ask, “Besides this stupid evidence, what else is there to the contrary?”Proof that you’re not stupid.Possible answer: Chinese is good, sing well, can answer questions in class and so on.This time need to guide different views on the evidence of stupid, such as this exam is not good, but compared with just learned whether to master more knowledge.Homework mistakes can be completed on time, correct more.Whether parents say angry words, is concerned about their own.2. Other explanations the question, “Is there any other explanation other than feeling stupid?”Sometimes dumb, sometimes smart, not always so dumb.”It’s not stupid, it’s slow learning, and just don’t want to learn.”3. De-catastrophize the question, “Learn stupid. What’s the worst, best, and most likely scenario?””Worst of all, parents, teachers and classmates look down on me and feel uncomfortable being criticized every day.””The best is that people still like themselves.””Most likely, there will be more criticism, as well as praise, joy and pain.”4. Automatic thinking questions, “How about this idea or not?”If you think you’re stupid, you feel bad, you don’t have motivation to study.It feels better to think you’re not so stupid.5. The distance question, “What advice would others give?”Tell not to think so stupid, to compare with yourself more, their own learning progress on the line.Problem Solving The question, “What would you do?”Their own learning is just slower than others, not so stupid, learn to read more, do not understand more questions, homework more practice, such as the next homework to see how fast can be completed, do an experiment.In practice, these six questions are not necessarily all asked, the key is to evaluate and test unreasonable ideas, so the positive and negative evidence and new explanations should be discussed, and finally discuss the design of behavioral experiments to solve the problem.The general purpose is positive guidance, positive attribution, positive attention, positive action.