COVID-19 has reduced the utilization rate of AED and the success rate of emergency treatment in Japan

2022-05-20 0 By

More than 600,000 automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are installed in Japan.Automatic external defibrillator is a medical device that can administer electric shock to patients with cardiac failure due to sudden cardiac abnormalities. Like chest compressions, it is an indispensable means of first aid and essential for saving the lives of patients with cardiac arrest.However, following the spread of COVID-19, the use of automated external defibrillators has dropped significantly, as has the success rate of rescue.Automated external defibrillator use rate refers to the rate of people who have received an automatic external defibrillator shock aid when they suddenly collapse in front of their eyes.According to data provided by the Fire Agency of Japan’s Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications and the Japan AED Consortium, the number increased year by year until 2019, when it exceeded 5 percent.However, in 2020, after the spread of COVID-19, usage dropped to 4.2 percent.The success rate also dropped from 9 percent to 7.5 percent, and some people even hesitated to use an automated external defibrillator for fear of avoiding contact with others.In response, the AED Foundation of Japan issued an emergency statement, saying that patients can reduce the risk of infection by covering their mouths with cloth when helping others.It also urged people to call 119 if they see someone who has fainted and is not breathing properly, and to perform chest compressions and use an automatic external defibrillator.