Speaker’s script: The History, culture and spirit of the Olympics

2022-04-28 0 By

In 2008, the Beijing Summer Olympic Games was held with great success.The Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics are just around the corner.Beijing has become a veritable “Double Olympic City”.This report will lead us to approach the Olympic Games and understand the Olympic Games from three aspects: the history of the Development of the Olympic Games, the cultural charm of the modern Olympic movement and the integration of diverse cultures called for by the Olympic Movement.The History of the Development of the Olympic Movement The History of the Olympic Movement is very long.The Greek city-states gradually formed in the 9th – 8th century BC, with more than 200 city-states at the most.In order to protect their territory, each city-state actively trained its soldiers to fight.The Elis occupied Olympia, and the Spartans wanted to annex the holy place.The Elis fought hard, and the Spartans could not break them.The long war made the people long for peace and for sacrifices and ceremonies.So King Elise and the Spartan Kings made an agreement to hold regular meetings at Olympia.The agreement stipulated that any man who carried weapons into Olympia during the assembly would be considered a traitor to god and should be punished.A person who has the power not to punish such a betrayal of God is also considered a betrayal of God.In 776 BC, Iphetus, the ruler of the Peloponnesus, tried to bring religion and sport together.It not only innovated religious ceremonies, but also organized large-scale sports competitions and decided to hold them every four years.The time is set after the summer solstice in leap years.So the ancient Olympic Games in 776 BC was officially recorded in history as the first session of the Ancient Olympic Games.For this grand sports competition activities, each city-state to participate in the team members of the training.Unlike the modern Olympics, ancient athletes had to be naked as well as male.Why did the athletes compete naked?Located at the southernmost tip of the Balkan Peninsula, ancient Greece was the birthplace of European civilization.It is surrounded by the Aegean Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea in the west, and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. It is surrounded by sea and accessible by water on three sides, which is conducive to both cultural transmission and cultural exchanges.Cultures need to collide and communicate in order to be better nourished.In addition to being accessible by sea, the southernmost part of the Balkans has a climate that is ideal for outdoor activities.In addition to natural conditions, social conditions also determined the development direction of ancient Greek culture.For example, ancient Greece was a maritime culture.This culture advocates the spirit of challenge, fitness, transcendence and struggle.In addition, ancient Greece was connected by land and sea, forming a trade culture.This culture advocated fair dealing, and they developed a spirit of fairness.It is because of these cultures that the Ancient Greeks attach great importance to competition and fairness in competitive sports.Another theory is that the ancient Olympics were regular sports events held in honor of Zeus.Therefore, from the cultural point of view, the ancient Olympic Games is also a cultural initiative.Ancient Olympic Games with the increasing number of events, from the beginning of the 22nd Ancient Olympic Games, the organizers decided to change the competition time to 3 days, plus the opening ceremony, closing ceremony and celebration activities, the whole meeting period of 5 days, competition increased to: pentathlon, boxing, wrestling, chariot running, horse racing and so on.Olympia (Olympia) is located in the Greek capital Athens 300 km southwest of the hilly region, in the west of the Peloponnese peninsula, the north bank of the Alphios River (16 km from the mouth of the cave).Since the 18th century, a succession of scholars have come to Olympia to investigate and search for the ruins of the ancient Olympic Games.The ruins of the Temple of Zeus were first discovered by The Englishman Chandler in 1766.Since then, a large number of German, French, British archaeologists, historians on the Site of the Large-scale systematic exploration, excavation, to 1881 obtained a large number of precious cultural relics and historical materials related to the ancient Olympic Games.After the 11th Olympic Games in 1936, the International Olympic Committee decided to use the money to continue the excavation of the Site of Olympia, the discovery and restoration of the stadium.The Cultural Charm of the Modern Olympic Movement There is a difference between the modern Olympic culture and the ancient Olympic culture.The ancient Olympic Games was a competition between the city-states, but also a sacrifice to the gods.The modern Olympic Games are a global event.Of course, the development of the modern Olympic movement has not been smooth sailing.Pierre de Coubertin was a famous French educator, international sports activist, educator and historian, and the founder of the Modern Olympic Movement.He was born into an aristocratic family in Paris, France.He was president of the International Olympic Committee from 1896 to 1925 and designed the Olympic emblem and flag.For his enduring contributions to the Olympics, he is internationally known as the “father of the Modern Olympics”.Coubertin was fond of aristocratic sports as a child, such as fencing, rowing, horseback riding and boxing.From 1875 to 1881, the ruins of the Ancient Olympic Games continued to be excavated, which aroused coubertin’s great interest.In 1892, he called for the resumption of the Olympic Movement.In this process, Coubertin encountered many difficulties and setbacks, but his will to restore the Olympic movement was very strong.In 1894, the International Olympic Committee was formally established, with Greek writer Vikeras as its president and Pierre de Coubertin as its secretary-general.Coubertin served as the second president of the International Olympic Committee from 1896 to 1925.Coubertin advocated the restoration of the Olympic Movement, to promote the development of the Olympic movement have made outstanding contributions.Coubertin in addition to promoting the development of the Olympic movement, but also made a great contribution to the Olympic culture.In 1912, coubertin published his famous poem ode to Sport at the Stockholm Olympic Games.Coubertin’s understanding of sports expressed in Ode to Sports has gone beyond the scope of sports.In which he says, “O sport, the joy of the gods, the engine of life,” “O sport, you are justice,” “O sport, you are peace.”It can be said that ode to Sports expresses the author’s sincere feelings towards sports in the form of prose poetry.The poem begins by outlining the outline of sports as the embodiment of beauty, justice, courage, honor, health, progress and peace.The whole poem highly appraises the function of physical education in modern society and the important role of human beings, and praises the function of physical education in cultivating people’s ideological quality.And finally, to end his celebration of sport with peace.In terms of the time of the modern Olympic Games, we know that they are held in the form of the ancient Olympic Games every four years.Then, how did the events of the modern Olympic Games be set up in the early days?And how does the IOC work?Now, let’s make specific introductions.The modern Olympic Movement has grown from small to big, from weak to strong, through war and change, including the current COVID-19 pandemic.However, no matter what kind of difficulties, the Olympic movement has not stopped the pace of development, the Olympic movement continues to innovate and develop.This article is excerpted from “Huang Yaling: The History, Culture and Spirit of the Olympics”, a manuscript published by Publicist Website (WWW.71.CN).